A "biografia artística" com jovens deslocados em acampamentos no Iraque: presença como indicador de resiliência

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5965/198431781642020115

Palavras-chave:

Humanitarian Aid, Education in Emergencies, Art Workshops, Resilience, Art Education, Artistic biography

Resumo

Os atuais conflitos armados no mundo, e em particular aqueles ligados ao Sistema de Estado Islâmico (ISIS) no Iraque, constituem um grande obstáculo para a estabilidade das referências sociais, para uma leitura coletiva de uma cultura comum e para uma sociedade livre dos sintomas da guerra. Intervenções artísticas inclusivas com crianças afetadas por conflitos, são muitas vezes levadas a cabo para aumentar a sua resiliência e empoderamento. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a resiliência identificada durante a implementação de um dispositivo de atividades de "biografia artística", com técnicos de uma ONG e jovens, em um acampamento no Iraque. O dispositivo construído foi um projeto para "pintar nossas caravanas" como um primeiro projeto com os jovens em um acampamento. Através de nossa experiência como artista, treinador e pesquisador, observamos os traços de "presença" durante as atividades artísticas. Compromisso em um trabalho coletivo, autorreconhecimento pelos treinadores e autorreconhecimento no trabalho artístico final são os três indicadores de presença que observamos. Os processos de resiliência individual e coletiva são complexos e longos e sujeitos a muitos obstáculos. Nosso artigo convida a uma maior investigação para construir evidências e desenvolver uma resposta artística em emergências humanitárias.

Biografia do Autor

Albane Buriel, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC)

Albane Buriel is a doctoral student at UQAC (Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Canada). She is an expert in the fields of humanitarian action, artistic practices and education in conflict zones and contexts of extreme violence. She is a consultant to humanitarian organizations for education as a tutor and trainer for social and educational practitioners, recently in Syria and Iraq. Her thesis aims to understand the conditions of artistic experiences of young prisoners in the Middle East. Her research project is part of a transformative approach through artistic devices designed, implemented and evaluated in the framework of participatory action research, in particular through cooperative educational engineering with trainers.

1. 1. Non-formal education in emergency humanitarian work (arts education)
2. Education in situations of displacement and detention
3. Educational phenomena through the prism of violence by jihadist groups, then disengagement and rehabilitation initiatives 

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2020-10-01